Exhaust System FAQs

2018-09-19 11:40:34 exhaust system service Falconer

What does my exhaust system do?

1. Transfer the gases from your motor out of the engine compartment to cool your engine and protect the passenger compartment from toxins.
2. Mute engine noises.
3. Reduce harmful emissions by converting carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and hydrocarbons into oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor.

How does a muffler work?

A muffler is manufactured with many chambers and tubes. When highly pressurized gases are forced into the muffler, they lose energy. The sound vibrations also cancel one another out as they bump around the maze of baffles and tubes.

Do I need to do routine exhaust system service?

Yes. Check your owner's manual for exhaust service guidelines or call I-86 Truck & Auto Repair at 716-665-2501. A service technician will counsel you on appropriate service intervals.

What are the warning signs of a problem in my exhaust system?

Strange noises: clunking, knocking, etc.
A noticeable decline in MPG
A change in the color of exhaust released
Rough idling

What does CARB mean?

CARB stands for the California Air Resource Board. This agency establishes vehicle emissions levels for the state of California. Automakers use CARB guidelines for most exhaust systems marketed and used in the United States. "CARB-Certified" exhaust systems, headers, and catalytic converters will most likely be legal in all U.S. states. As of this writing, the Trump administration was proposing weakened emission standards.

ArticleID 7762

The Auto Industry and the Millennial Driver

2018-09-19 08:06:51

auto service Falconer

Millennials do things their own way—and in some aspects of life—different than any generation before. Millennials have had an impact on just about every market you can think of. Of course, the automotive industry is also responding to the Gen Y car buyer. Let’s explore some of the major trends.

Ready to Buy

Ten years ago, many thought that millennials wouldn't embrace car buying in large numbers. It's true that some find it easier to pick up their phone, open up an app, and get a taxi right to their location. There was also the notion that this tech-savvy group won their freedom and autonomy from their cell phone instead of from owning a car as previous generations had done. At the top of the recession, millennial automobile sales were very low, but that was true for all age groups. Now that we are many years past the recession, they are in a position to buy and sales are up in this category.

Keep it Simple

The automobile buying experience used to be longer and more involved. Dealerships and auto brands have automated the buying process and it's not just the younger generation that is benefiting! Now there are plenty of incentives offered by dealerships to get millennials excited about acquiring a car.

According to Autotrader, millennials are:

  • Still interested in cars and driving
  • More likely to examine lesser-known brands than older buyers
  • Dependent on research, including word-of-mouth

Another way dealerships are trying to entice Gen Y auto buyers is by offering flexible leasing options. Some feel less responsibility when they are just borrowing/renting the car and not actually owning it. Of course, there are pros and cons to leasing, but many millennials like the idea of leasing. Especially now that leases can be customized to fit the customer’s needs.

Because millennials are so used to using technology (and they do everything virtually), the automobile shopping and buying experience has transitioned online. Almost every dealership and automaker has an online presence. This is a perfect way to entice millennial motorists and pique their interest without needing a trip to the showroom.

With online chat, upfront pricing, automobile configurators, and other nifty features, apps and websites cater to how millennials shop for cars.

Gen Y has a unique dynamic but the industry is responding, as it has done for every previous generation. If you’re a millennial, you might not even notice this evolution because it’s what you are used to. But if you’re a bit older, we’re sure you can see how the vast automotive industry has changed to accommodate the millennial auto owner.

At I-86 Truck & Auto Repair, we furnish quality automotive service to our patrons of all ages—from those who remember the days before power steering to Gen X-ers who can't imagine a car without Bluetooth.


ArticleID 7534

3 Tips To Save On Cost Of Ownership

2018-09-12 08:12:39 auto insurance repairs Falconer

It's not just your imagination that you pull out your debit card several times a month for a car-related expense.

Have you ever added up how much it costs to own a vehicle? First off, there's the purchase price and taxes. For most motorists, the dollar amount for their car is second only to the cost of their home. Many individuals finance their automobile, so the initial purchase expense continues monthly for as many as 72 months. 

You fork over cash every time you fill the tank. In most states, you have to pay a registration fee every year. Car insurance rates can take a big chunk of the family budget (especially if you have teenagers who are driving).

There are amounts for scheduled maintenance and repair. This includes oil changes, new tires, brake service—and everything else. Always remember, however, that failing to bring your automobile in for scheduled auto maintenance and repair costs a lot more!

So what's the grand total? Most vehicle owners spend around $9,000 per year. Stretch that over a lifetime and you could spend half a million. Ka-ching!

Here are 3 ways to bring that number down.

1. Stop Guzzling Gas

In our fast-paced world, it's easy to get caught up in the rush-rush-rush mentality. Driving aggressively, however, costs you big time. Slow down, avoid jackrabbit starts and stops, and turn off the engine instead of idling. This can diminish your gas bill up to a third. You can also download apps which show the lowest gas prices in your neighborhood.

2. Keep Your Tires Properly Inflated

Don't count on your tire pressure monitoring system. Some systems only indicate a problem when a tire has dropped quickly. Some don't indicate incremental pressure decreases. Check your manufacturer's recommendations for the proper pressure, or talk with an automotive service advisor at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair.

3. Wait A Few More Years For a New Car (And Buy A Nearly-New Vehicle Instead)

If you buy a new automobile every few years, you pay more in several ways. First off, you don't take advantage of the off-the-lot depreciation savings that used buyers enjoy. If you buy a one-year-old vehicle, you pay a lot less but still get an automobile with many years of useful life ahead. Experts recommend keeping a vehicle from 5-7 years. After seven years, the expenses for repairs might negate the savings of a new automobile. When it comes time for a new vehicle, you can check the Edmunds True Cost to Own calculator to compare total vehicle ownership costs.

ArticleID 7767

The Evolution of Infotainment

2018-09-05 08:15:19

auto electronics repair Falconer

In 1930, the radio became a standard feature in American cars. For many decades, the radio was the only gadget that could really qualify as an "infotainment system." But today there are a variety of these bells and whistles in automobiles at every price point.

Infotainment systems are the non-critical features in your vehicle that assist with communication and navigation (the "info" part) and help keep auto owners and passengers entertained (the "tainment" part). Today we will look at some of the most popular features.

Global Positioning System

For decades, car travel navigation required a paper map and passenger to read it. (This method has no doubt triggered its share of marital discord.) Now our vehicles connect to satellites in space to tell us where we are and help us find our destination. Many navigation systems also interface with real-time traffic data to help you choose the fastest route.


Bluetooth is the short-range wireless connection that allows electronic devices to communicate. Many automobiles have systems that pair to your cell phone allowing for hands-free calling. For older automobiles there are numerous after-market Bluetooth systems that are economical and easy to install.

In-Car Wi-Fi

Using your cell phone as a hot spot in the car has always been problematic. It would burn through the phone battery and likely drain your data for the month. But now many automobiles have the Wi-Fi connection included. Because a large, high-quality antenna is built into the car, you can even stream video on the road!

Satellite Radio

The humble car radio has also gotten a high-tech upgrade. Satellite radio signals are broadcast nationwide for the express purpose of reaching people in vehicles. This allows for a wide variety of programming options, if you're willing to pay the subscription fee.

Is there an infotainment system that you just can't live without? We would love to know. Enter it in the comments section. Also, we invite you to consult the team of specialists at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair with all of your automotive repair needs. Whether your automobile has an 8-track player or a Wi-Fi connection to satisfy eight teenagers' internet needs, we'll take care of you. Call us today!

ArticleID 7626

Autonomous Cars: The Future Is Here!

2018-08-29 07:56:46

auto diagnostics and repair Falconer

Did you know that Nevada issued the first self-driving car license in 2012? This occurred eight years after the first Darpa Grand Challenge for autonomous cars was held. Not one of the vehicles were able to complete the course at that time.

In less than a decade, carmakers went from a convention that displayed some not-ready-for-prime-time "robot cars" to legal, licensed self-driving cars on the road.

How did they do it? How were they able to develop automobiles that didn't need drivers?

Google, the company that received that initial self-driving license, has used numerous technologies to make autonomous driving possible. Video cameras, lasers, and radar sensors are some of the gadgets you will find on these cars.

But the most important part of an autonomous auto is the database. This information has been collected from cars driven the old-fashioned way and then stored in a powerful computer. The autonomous car can access this information to help it navigate.

While self-driving cars are not commonplace now, much of the technology is already in many high-end automobiles. These partly autonomous cars have brakes that can activate if the car senses a coming crash. The cruise control can automatically readjust so cars are never too close to other cars. They can even steer in a way that prevents drifting and some can park by themselves!

These forms of technology are going to aid all drivers, even if you're not in an autonomous car. Everyone will feel the effects because self-driving cars improve traffic flow on highways by controlling distances between cars. Also, the automated parking search feature will ease congestion in urban settings.

And since essentially all car accidents are caused by human error, these systems will make driving safer. Self-driving car companies don't just want less harmful cars, they are striving to make crashless cars.

Roads filled with only self-driving cars may still be years away, but all of us can do our part to keep the roads and expressways safe. One way is to complete the scheduled auto maintenance on your vehicle. We'd love to help you over here at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair.


ArticleID 7613

Buying Your Teen First Car?

2018-08-22 08:15:49

pre-purchase used car inspection Falconer

Buying your first car is a big deal for a newly-licensed teenage driver. It's also a big deal for the parents, but usually, their excitement is tempered with great deal of concern.

Are you a parent planning to buy a car for your new teen driver? Are you a teen planning to purchase your first car? Here are some important things to consider.

1. Safety

According to the CDC, car accidents are the leading cause of death for teens in our country. You may suppose that a tank-like 4x4 would best protect an inexperienced driver. Yes, occupants of a large vehicle fare better in a collision. But experts also warn that powerful motors can make an adolescent more likely to speed. Also, some larger vehicles are harder to handle or more liable to roll over—so keep those things in mind.

Most of us don't have unlimited funds for a teen car. Luckily, many used vehicles have advanced safety features. Look for front and side airbags, inertia-reel safety belts, ABS, and electronic stability control. There are even some used cars under 15k now with backup cams, lane-departure alert, and blind spot monitoring. Research crash-test ratings before you buy.

2. Reliability

A twenty-year-old car with 250k miles on it may be cheap. But if it requires $300 a month in repairs, you might as well buy a new automobile. Used autos are less likely to have a warranty, so reliability is indispensable. When car shopping, research the cost to own. Online model-specific forums contain information from actual owners. When you think you have the right car, call 716-665-2501 to schedule a used-car inspection at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair.

3. Cost to Own

This is related to reliability since repairs figure into the total cost to own. Consider gas mileage, the cost of routine maintenance, car insurance rates, and depreciation. Some cars even qualify for tax credits. Your service advisor at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair can give you information on the cost of scheduled maintenance for any vehicle.

Thanks for checking out our blog. We wish you and your teen happy traveling.


ArticleID 7588

Advice on Used Car Purchases

2018-08-15 07:56:01

used car pre purchase inspection Falconer

We've all heard the stories: So-and-so got an unbelievable bargain on a used SUV with only 8,000 miles on it! But all of us probably also know somebody with that less than fairy tale buying experience: Our used car ran incredible for the first week, but then it broke down and we found out it needs thousands of dollars worth of repairs!

Purchasing a used car can sometimes feel like a treacherous quest, but with a few nifty tips you can shop with confidence.

Assess Your Needs and Decide on a Vehicle

Don't start your search without a set idea of what type of car you would like to buy. Consider where and when you will most likely use the car. What type of weather do you usually drive in? Where can you park your vehicle? (Nobody wants to come home with a truck on a lift that can't fit into their garage) Once you have made this determination your job becomes much easier.

Determine Your Budget

This number should not only incorporate sticker price as there are many other financial factors to include. Will your insurance go up when you purchase this car? Some cars require more expensive tires or oil when the car is lubed. Gas mileage can also play a big part in this decision.

Gather a Set of Possible Brands

Some men and women are loyal to one single car brand, but when you are in the market for a used car, you will find a better deal if you don't limit yourself. This isn't to say you should be open to everything, but choosing a few different makes and models will give you a greater likelihood of meeting your needs with the money you have.

Decide on a Search Radius

You may not want the inconvenience of traveling too far to buy your used car, and if you live in an urban area you possibly don't have to go too far. However, if you are out in the country or if you are willing to put in a little more footwork (or, more likely, wheel work) then decide how far you will go for your ideal car. The internet makes it easy to search all around the country, but make sure the extra travel time is worth possible money saved.


Once again, the internet is an indispensable tool here. After you find some listings for cars in your price range that you would like, start looking into the specifics of each year, make, and model. Check pricing guides as well as reliability reports.

Vehicle History

Using the vehicle identification number, you can look into the history of the exact automobile you are interested in acquiring. This will let you know if the automobile has been in an accident or has had other major incidents.

Used Car Pre-Purchase Inspection

Last but not least; before you put any money down on a used vehicle, bring it into I-86 Truck & Auto Repair for a used-car inspection.

ArticleID 7576

Is Certified Pre-Owned a Scam?

2018-08-08 07:41:10

what is a certified pre-owned car Falconer

A few years ago, car dealers in Falconer began offering "certified pre-owned" (CPO) cars. Some individuals assumed that it was just a fancy new name for "used." It does sound like marketing spin. As it turns out, a certified pre-owned car really is different from a standard used vehicle.

The History of the CPO Program

When leasing became popular, dealers ended up with a lot of newer automobiles with low mileage. Instead of putting these like-new cars on the auction market, they recognized a lucrative new market.

To earn the certification, the automobile must pass a rigorous comprehensive inspection. The standards vary and are usually set by the automobile manufacturers. Then they are reconditioned to like-new status.

Carmakers frequently offer a warranty similar to that of a new car. Some CPO warranties include ongoing maintenance and other extras. Dealers also provide low interest rates for CPO financing.

As you can see, CPO autos fit into a niche between used cars and new cars.

Is A CPO Car For You?

Shopping for a car? Are new automobiles too expensive? Are you worried that a used car will turn out to be a lemon? If you have the budget for a newer-model car, it is beneficial to explore your CPO options.

CPO cars are sold by their brand dealers. For example, if you want a CPO Toyota, you need to go to a Toyota dealer. You can't find them at independent used-car lots.

To properly maintain your automobile—whether new, CPO, or used—you need a reliable repair shop. You can count on the team of specialists at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair in Falconer.

ArticleID 7680

7 Reasons To Pull Over Immediately!

2018-08-03 10:22:14

auto diagnostics Falconer

1. Strange Vibrations or Sounds

This could indicate an issue with your brakes, steering, tires, or suspension. Pull over, call I-86 Truck & Auto Repair at 716-665-2501 and one of our service professionals can guide you on next steps.

2. You Smell Something Burning

It may be something inconsequential or a major emergency, but you don't want to take the chance of causing pricey damage to your car or put your passengers in danger. Pull over and investigate.

3. To Search for Something

Your iPhone slides between the seat and the console and you think you can pull off an amazing contortionist move and keep driving. Don't count on your yoga/steering multitasking ability. Stop on the side of the road for two minutes and reclaim your phone.

4. Health Issue

Heart attacks and strokes can be preceded by fairly mild symptoms. If something seems amiss, pull over immediately and either call 911 or phone someone to pick you up.

5. Temperature or Oil Warning

Overheating or inadequate oil pressure is a clear and present danger to your engine. Protect your investment and pull your vehicle over.

6. You Lose Visibility

Whether it's weather-related or not, it is extremely hazardous to keep driving if you can't see the road. (This seems like a no-brainer, but some car owners think they can ride it out if they simply slow down.) Pull over slowly and carefully and either wait for a break in the fog/downpour/blizzard or remove the roadkill from your windshield.

7. You Are Dozing Off

Don't wrongly believe you can keep your eyeballs open by sheer force of will. Pull over, recline your seat, and take a catnap on the side of the road. Ah! Doesn't that feel better?


ArticleID 7548

Surprising Facts About Speed Limit

2018-08-01 08:04:04

car repair Falconer

Motorists who are cited for speeding often argue that limits are unrealistically low. Conversely, men and women who live near busy streets often argue that local speed limits are too high and, therefore, unsafe.

The auto experts at I-86 Truck & Auto Repair decided to explore this issue. We found that some common assumptions about speed limits weren't entirely accurate.

Here are some key findings:

  • Reducing a posted speed limit doesn't necessarily cause car owners to slow down.
  • Raising the legal limit 10 mph only increases actual traffic speed 3 mph.
  • Germany—with autobahn sections where you can go as fast as you want—has a much lower rate of crash deaths than the US.
  • Significantly lowering a speed limit can decrease safety due to an increase of dangerous driving behavior.
  • Roads with a speed limit that reflects actual driving behavior have fewer accidents than roads with a wide variation in driver speeds.
  • It can be just as dangerous to drive slower than the flow of traffic than faster than the flow of traffic.
  • In the US, the traffic fatality rate has dropped despite the national trend of increased legal speed limits.

How Are Speed Limits Determined?

From 1973-1994 there was a 55 mph Federal speed limit in the US. This controlled speed limit maximums on interstate highways. The Federal speed limit was not set based on safety data, however, but in response to an energy crisis.

In 1995, Congress repealed the National Maximum Speed Limit. In the years since the repeal, 41 states have increased maximum speeds to 70 mph and above.

When traffic engineers recommend a speed limit for a specific road or highway, they determine the 85th percentile speed. This is the speed 85 percent of drivers maintain on the roadway. Other considerations include the physical aspects of the road and accident statistics.

Numerous studies point to the effectiveness of speed limits based on the 85th percentile rule. Those who trust it argue that the majority of drivers travel at a safe speed—regardless of the posted limit. The same studies suggest that it does not increase safety to lower a limit significantly from driving norms.

Thanks for visiting our blog. We invite you to rely on I-86 Truck & Auto Repair for quality auto maintenance and repair and wish you safe travels.


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